Abstract

A remarkable number of studies attempted to understand if and how family ownership and family involvement affect performance. However, results are conflicting. Thus, this paper aims to explore the presence of non-linear relationships among the above-mentioned variables. More specifically, discussing the benefits and the disadvantages of both family ownership and family involvement, we tested a hypothesis on an inverted U-shaped relationship between family ownership and performance, a hypothesis on an inverted U-shaped relationship between family involvement and performance, and a hypothesis on an interaction effect of family ownership and involvement that influences performance.

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