Locus of control (LoC) is a central construct in entrepreneurship that continues to receive wide research attention (Rauch & Frese, 2007) because it may explain behavioral differences (Spector, 1982), like why some start new ventures. Despite the interest in LoC, reviews report inconsistent and conflicting results (e.g., Cooper & Gimeno-Gascon, 1992). This may be due to two issues. First, the use of different LoC scales or a priori selected items from Rotter’s (1966) or Paulhus’ (1983) scales may have caused mixed results. Second, LoC is “a broad construct intended to study behavior in a variety of situations” (Rotter, 1990: 491). In entrepreneurship, scales have been used to assess general LoC, despite calls for the use of context-specific LOC scales (Rotter, 1990; Shaver & Scott, 1991). Several context-specific scales have been developed (e.g., Hodgkinson, 1992; Spector, 1988). Nevertheless, no study has developed a context-specific LoC scale for entrepreneurship. Thus, the purpose of this study is to develop an entrepreneurial LoC scale.
"DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF AN ENTREPRENEURIAL LOCUS OF CONTROL SCALE (SUMMARY),"
Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research: Vol. 28
, Article 3.
Available at: http://digitalknowledge.babson.edu/fer/vol28/iss5/3