Abstract

Researchers overall agree that, in most circumstances, exploration and exploitation need to be separated without being isolated (2003; Govindarajan & Trimble, 2005; Markides & Charitou, 2004; Tushman & O'Reilly, 1996) i.e. they need to be “loosely coupled.” (Weick, 1989) Loose coupling allows for responsiveness between exploration and exploitation –preventing fragmentation- as well as autonomy – allowing for idiosyncrasies. Less consent exists on the degree of separation (strength and amount of remaining interdependencies) and how to manage the constantly changing nature of the interdependencies over time.

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