Researchers overall agree that, in most circumstances, exploration and exploitation need to be separated without being isolated (2003; Govindarajan & Trimble, 2005; Markides & Charitou, 2004; Tushman & O'Reilly, 1996) i.e. they need to be “loosely coupled.” (Weick, 1989) Loose coupling allows for responsiveness between exploration and exploitation –preventing fragmentation- as well as autonomy – allowing for idiosyncrasies. Less consent exists on the degree of separation (strength and amount of remaining interdependencies) and how to manage the constantly changing nature of the interdependencies over time.
Bertels, Heidi and Koen, Peter A.
"SHOULD I STAY OR SHOULD I GO? MANAGING INTERDEPENDENCIES BETWEEN EXPLORATION AND EXPLOITATION (SUMMARY),"
Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research: Vol. 29
, Article 3.
Available at: http://digitalknowledge.babson.edu/fer/vol29/iss19/3