There is an increasing consensus among academics that the common denominator of ‘social entrepreneurs’ is their adherence to a ‘dominant social mission’. The extent to which social entrepreneurs actually adhere to socially oriented goals and values is largely taken for granted and treated as a black box. Building on established theoretical constructs, this paper develops a number of measures that can potentially contribute to our understanding of how ‘social’ social entrepreneurs really are. More specifically, we empirically test four potential measures of “social proclivity” in a well defined sample of social ventures, performing confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) (N~270). CFA points to high reliability and validity for the measures of each of the four constructs and supports the existence of a higher order construct “social proclivity”. Further, results show that social entrepreneurs display strong social as well as economic motives, providing an empirical base for actually capturing the dual-bottom line that characterises these enterprises.
THE LEWIS INSTITUTE AWARD AT BABSON COLLEGE FOR THE BEST PAPER EXPLORING THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Moray, Nathalie and Stevens, Robin
"THE ORGANISATIONAL GOALS OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURS: HOW SOCIAL ARE THEY?,"
Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research: Vol. 29
, Article 1.
Available at: http://digitalknowledge.babson.edu/fer/vol29/iss21/1