Abstract

Internationally, research suggests numerous gender differences among business owners at personal, professional, and institutional levels (Young, 1997; Carter and Anderson, 2001; Brown et al., 2002; Brush and Hisrich, 2002; Orser and Riding, 2003). By implication, these differences become manifold in some Islamic societies where women are further discriminated against and subjugated due to socio-cultural values and traditions in the name of religion (Roomi and Harrison, 2008). The unequal status of women in Islamic societies is due in part to the connection of gender with various forms of exclusion. Religious prescriptions, cultural norms and actual practices related to a woman’s status and role vary widely and are sometimes highly contradictory.

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