Abstract

While Bird and Brush (2002) and Ahl (2004) assert that venture creation is not gender-neutral, there is little in the research literature about the influences of gender, or “the feminine voice” on enterprise development. Building upon Bem’s (1981) feminine/masculine nomenclature, a two-by-two grid of new venture organizations is presented. Continuums reflect feminine/masculine attributes and economic and social outcomes. Four typologies are defined: neo-classical, contemporary, social and feminist ventures.

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