Abstract

Gerschenkron’s institutional factors and Schumpeter’s key Caruso are pre-requisites to Durkheim’s collective effervescence in a community. In a community of high anomie, or of great disadvantage and peripherality, it may take more than one generation for new movements and new institutions to emerge; for new enterprises to emerge and evolve; for the community itself to become more entrepreneurial. Research on the emergence of entrepreneurship in a particular community can benefit from a long-term view over a number of generations, to trace back to particular key events and contributing factors. This paper traces the origins of entrepreneurship in general, and social entrepreneurship in particular, in a peripheral rural minority community back to its emergence in the 1960s / 1970s. The paper traces the community’s history, back to the late 19th century, to explain why organization-forming (rather than multi-income source self-employment) entrepreneurship was so late in emerging.

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