Prior research has revealed some counter-intuitive findings regarding the impact of national culture on entrepreneurial activity. For example, Wildeman et al. (1999) report an unexpected higher share of individual business ownership in countries that have higher uncertainty avoidance, higher power distance and lower individualism (according to Hofstede’s dimensions of culture). They propose a dissatisfaction hypothesis - that non-entrepreneurial cultures drive enterprising individuals out of existing organizations to start their own businesses. However, existing studies have confined their attention to the impact of culture on independent entrepreneurship – that is new business start-ups (TEA). We ask instead whether the effect of culture on employee entrepreneurial activity (EEA), entrepreneurial activities within existing organisations, is as predicted by the dissatisfaction hypothesis.
Steffens, Paul and Stützer, Michael
"CULTURE AS A DRIVER OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP: CONTRASTING INDEPENDENT ENTREPRENEURSHIP VERSUS EMPLOYEE ENTREPRENEURSHIP (SUMMARY),"
Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research: Vol. 33
, Article 10.
Available at: http://digitalknowledge.babson.edu/fer/vol33/iss14/10