Abstract

At the core of any social enterprise is the generation of social impact. Given its importance, we aim to understand what drives social impact the most. We therefore refer to Dees and Anderson (2003, 2006) who suggest three types of social enterprises along the intersection of two schools of thought: (1) social enterprise (John 2006), (2) social innovation (Zahra et al., 2009), and; (3) a hybrid. To analyze which of these is most likely to result in social impact; we build clusters and test the underlying assumptions of each model by measuring financial independence, degree of innovation, increase in innovation, social impact, and network support.

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