Abstract

We explore the 20% of all nascent entrepreneurs in the U.S. who attempted to start a business with financial capital of $500 or less. We label this group as “no + low” (N+L) financed businesses. We account for the variation in human and social capital of these nascent entrepreneurs and the types of N+L financed businesses started vis-à-vis “normal” or high financed businesses. Prior studies have found that an entrepreneur’s human and social capital can be a substitute for financial capital in existing firms. Our study addresses a developing social-capital-centered theory of entrepreneurship by exploring the impact of social capital on a nascent entrepreneur’s use of resources and success in starting a firm.

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