Abstract

Entrepreneurial intention (EI) is an important predictor of entrepreneurial endeavors (Krueger & Dickson, 1994). A general assumption underlying the existing theories of EI (Krueger et al., 2000; Ajzen, 1991) is that EI stems mostly from one’s internal assessment of him- or herself (e.g., entrepreneurial self-efficacy). The internal focus of the existing theories thus leaves unclear the role the external environment plays in shaping EI. To better understand the environmental influence on EI, we draw on fit theory (Kristof, 1996; Kristof-Brown et al., 2005) to propose the construct of perceived person-entrepreneurship fit (PPEF), the compatibility between personal attributes and the entrepreneurial environment perceived by the person. Specifically, we argue that PPEF is a more proximal predictor of EI in that PPEF mediates the relationships of EI with entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE), entrepreneurial attitude (EA), age, and gender.

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