Abstract

Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (ESE) has been receiving increasing attention in the literature (Chen et al 1998; Boyd and Vozikis 1994; Kasouf et al 2013 Lucas & Cooper 2005;Vanevenhoven & Liguori 2013; Zhao et al 2005). Following Bandura (1977) self-efficacy can be understood as a person’s confidence in their own ability to perform a specific task. ESE strongly correlates to new venture creation (Zhao et al 2005) and is thought to be a strong predicator of intentions and actions (Boyd and Vozikis 1994). ESE also provides a legitimate and robust construct that can be used to evaluate entrepreneurial education (Chen at al 1998; Lucas & Cooper 2005; Vanevenhoven & Liguori 2013). Entrepreneurship is being increasingly taught across the globe and there is an increasing demand to understand the impact of different initiatives to improve enterprise education and much more work needs to be done (McNally, Martin, & Kay 2010; Vanevenhoven & Liguori 2013; Weaver, Dickson, & Solomon 2006). This paper uses ESE to understand the impact of entrepreneurial programmes across Europe.

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