It is the individual who discovers opportunities and brings them to life. Before one decides to exploit an opportunity, he/she should have developed a psychological intention to determine whether opportunity exploitation is a desirable and feasible option. Entrepreneurial intention, defined as one’s intent to start a business, is thereby regarded as an important construct because it is considered as the first critical step in the process of becoming an entrepreneur and intention is the single best predictor of planned behavior. Despite a plethora of research studies related to entrepreneurial intention, several research questions still remain unresolved. The present study addresses several of these unresolved questions and makes several contributions.
Drawing from literatures on the biological characteristics of individuals and individual differences, we propose the 2D:4D ratio and several individual traits such as emotional intelligence, cognitive ability, and rebelliousness are antecedents to entrepreneurial intentions. Our theoretical model also examines entrepreneurial self-efficacy and need for cognition as mediators between psychological traits and entrepreneurial intentions.
Miao, Chao and Coombs, Joseph E.
"BIOLOGICAL FACTORS, INDIVIDUAL TRAITS, AND ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONS: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL SELF-EFFICACY AND NEED FOR COGNITION (SUMMARY),"
Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research: Vol. 35
, Article 8.
Available at: http://digitalknowledge.babson.edu/fer/vol35/iss4/8