The Institutions and Unfulfilled Vision of the Sami
This chapter uses the three Sami Parliaments in Scandinavia to examine the problems and prospects of non-territorial autonomy operating both inside states and across state boundaries. Non-territorial autonomy seeks to allow national groups to create their own representative institutions and to exercise power over culture and education, but these bodies often become enmeshed in debates over their competencies and role vis-à-vis other state institutions. Based on extensive interviews, this chapter argues that, despite significant differences in power, the Sami Parliaments of Finland, Sweden, and Norway do exercise considerable control over their culture, but their powers over education and land rights have been limited by the unwillingness of state institutions to expand their competencies. Still, the international networks between the parliaments and with other international institutions illustrate how governance of trans-boundary nations could operate.
Deets, Stephen, "The Institutions and Unfulfilled Vision of the Sami" (2009). Babson Faculty Research Fund Working Papers. 60.