Research conducted within the transitional economics of Central and Eastern Europe has shown that models of entrepreneurship have high transferability to these cultures (Gibb, 1995; Gundry & Ben-Yoseph, 1998). The present research extends this work to include women-headed family and non-family organizations to examine the familial and social contexts of entrepreneurial behavior. This study examines whether family influence affect relationships between firm resources, opportunity recognition abilities of the entrepreneur, entrepreneurial orientation of the firm and firm performance.