In contradiction to previous research, which focuses on entrepreneurs during their professional activity, this study concentrates on an earlier point in time and that is before the working life begins. The micro-social environment (family background), entrepreneurial education and specific cognitions (fostering and hindering perceptions) towards self employment that influence the professional choice are examined in this study. Attention is also given to gender similarities or differences and to catching a glimpse of entrepreneurial related variables as they occur over time.