The authors present a model of entrepreneurial competence based on a set of 47 skills and 8 personal or behavioral attributes possessed at different degrees by entrepreneurs from three countries, Canada, France and Algeria.

The concept of entrepreneurs’ competencies emerged in the entrepreneurship literature in the 1980’s and 1990’s. Following Gartner (1988), researchers proposed that new firm performance was explained more by what entrepreneurs do (and their abilities to do it) than by who they were (their personality). In addition to models of entrepreneurial skills proposed by different authors (Shane and Venkataraman, 2000; etc.), many educators in schools and universities and professionals in economic development programs and incubators want to make sure that the future entrepreneurs they train acquire the essential skills to succeed at their new ventures. In other words, beyond teaching how to do a business plan, they are asking: “Are we teaching them the right skills, abilities or competencies for success at entrepreneurial ventures?”