The theoretical debate regarding the degree to which opportunities and resources are social constructions risks becoming tiresome because it is difficult to argue that opportunities, for example, are completely constructed or completely objective. Thus, what is needed is empirical research that begins to identify the boundary conditions associated with the respective theories.

We begin to address this debate by introducing some overlooked aspects of the work of Levi-Strauss (1967) who first introduced the concept of bricolage into contemporary thinking. Bricolage, defined as making-do with resources at hand, has been used to show how certain entrepreneurs define resources in ways radically different from rational models of entrepreneurship (Baker & Nelson, 2005). However, Levi-Strauss (1967) originally contrasted bricolage with three other ways of thinking about and intervening in the social and physical world - art, craft, and science (a.k.a., engineering). As such, our original research objective was to validate the existence of Levi-Strauss’ (1967) modes of action within the context of entrepreneurship.