Entrepreneurship literature has often been criticised for adopting a gender-neutral perspective (Marlow, 2009) and not succeeding in presenting theories of gender when sex differences are researched (Lansky, 2000). We address this gap by deriving predictions using a sociological model of gender stratification and examining the effects of societal-level cultural orientations as well as of gendered institutions on the rates of entrepreneurial activity by women across countries. The primary aim of this paper is to explore how entrepreneurship experiences vary between men and women across nations. In this paper, we propose to carry out a cross-country analysis, by examining the cross-level effect of national cultural attributes and those of gendered institutions on the likelihood of women engaging into entrepreneurship. This paper will inform us about the sectorial variations in women-entrepreneurship and also about how entrepreneurship is institutionalised under local gender regimes.