Despite arguments that social entrepreneurs are different than their commercial counterparts, there exists little compelling evidence in support. In response, Short et al. (2009) argue that in order to advance our understanding of social entrepreneurship, one question worth answering is whether the motivations of social venture creation are the same as or different from those of traditional venture creation. In response, we explore entrepreneurs’ situationally-specific motivation to start new businesses (rather than motivation in general) and draw upon seminal research on entrepreneurial motivation to develop the following hypotheses: compared to commercial entrepreneurs, social entrepreneurs will (H1) envision greater long-term growth for their organizations, (H2) have more ambitious short-term goals, and (H3) have higher levels of self-efficacy.