This paper studies when and why entrepreneurial intentions are followed by actions. We study the interplay of motivation, represented by intention strength, with volitional conditions and trait self-control. We hypothesize that while encountering volitional conditions may inhibit the translation of intentions into actions, a high level of self-control can ameliorate these negative effects. The empirical analysis of survey data from the adult population in Austria and Finland, with a 12-month gap between the measurement of intentions and actions, supports these hypotheses.