Although entrepreneurs have greater freedom to structure the content of their work and family roles, the national context in which they make these choices presents both constraints and opportunities. As entrepreneurs manage the content of their work and family roles through role restructuring strategies, both sexes are influenced by factors in the national context, particularly those related to the work life interface such as national and government-sponsored family support programs and policies. Our research questions are: How does the national context impact the manner in which entrepreneurs configure their work and family roles? Does this impact also affect satisfaction with work family balance and venture performance?