We offer a fresh perspective on national culture and entrepreneurship research by exploring the role of Culturally-endorsed implicit Leadership Theories (CLTs) – culturally shared stereotypes of effective, outstanding leaders (Dorfman et al. 2012) – on individuals’ engagement in entrepreneurship. Drawing on implicit leadership theory and the notion of culture-entrepreneurship fit, we hypothesize that self- protective and charismatic CLTs positively influence individuals’ engagement in entrepreneurship. These CLTs emphasize self-interest and proactive leadership traits and thus capture leadership stereotypes particularly consistent with entrepreneurship. We hypothesize motivational self-selection and cultural legitimation processes through with CLTs impact the various stages of the entrepreneurial process differently. Finally we propose that CLTs are an important missing link in our understanding of how cultural values impact entrepreneurship.