Scholars have studied the entrepreneurial university under different perspectives; it has been recognized as a complex organization, which needs a multilevel conceptualization that includes different goals, actors and activities throughout the whole university system. In this sense, research has revealed that university entrepreneurship generates several outcomes and depends on a number of different factors, at both regional and university level.

Among these antecedents, university internationalization is a strategy that is worth considering. In fact, despite it has received abundant attention in the higher education literature, we still miss an understanding of its contribution to the entrepreneurial university. Internationalization is absorbing increasing shares of investments and thus is becoming a central pillar of university strategies; a comprehensive appraisal of these investments would need to account for all its outcomes, including entrepreneurship.