Abstract

The ecosystems approach in entrepreneurship highlights the complex inter-linkages among a variety of participants in an entrepreneurial society (e.g., entrepreneurs, educators, corporations, the media and a diverse set of government ministries) and the importance of the incentives the various actors encounter as they push towards an entrepreneurship-friendly environment (Wessner, 2004). The entrepreneurial ecosystem perspective views the formation or start-ups as influenced by two dynamic elements: the entrepreneur (or more accurately, the would-be entrepreneur) and the entrepreneurial environment. Prior work has found that the entrepreneurial ecosystem influences overall entrepreneurial activity (Levie & Autio, 2008). However, we do not know how the ecosystems influence entrepreneurial propensities and motivations to venture in general, particularly between men and women. Thus, we question how the entrepreneurial ecosystem influences firm formation rates in opportunity or necessity entrepreneurship between men and women.

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