The intersection of entrepreneurship and international business is a fruitful area of academic inquiry. We know little about how pursing international opportunities varies across categories of individuals, organizations, and countries. Indeed, our understanding of international entrepreneurship in less-developed countries, and how technology affects such entrepreneurship, are particularly relevant given the rapid growth and digitization taking place in emerging markets. Coupled with institutional heterogeneity—all emerging markets are not the same—less-developed countries provide a compelling context in which to test theories of international entrepreneurship.

We examine microenterprises which do business internationally in light of those that do not. Digitization has recently allowed for individuals worldwide to lend to microenterprises through prosocial crowdfunding. We capitalize on this digital development to make three contributions to our understanding of international entrepreneurship. First, we provide a novel study that explores heterogeneity within microenterprises operating internationally. Second, we examine microenterprises as members of the global supply chain, and explore their differences with domestic microenterprises. Finally, we utilize prosocial crowdfunding data to explore performance outcomes of international vs. domestic microenterprises.