In 2015, over 4.7 million refugees have made their ways to the EU. The refugee immigration is associated with serious challenges of integration in Europe. The focus of our study is to understand whether and how refugees become entrepreneurs to ‘re’construct their career in host countries. To address this question, conceptually, we borrow the concept of dual embeddedness, defined as simultaneous embeddedness in cultural norms, values and learned routines originating from the home and host country (Drori et al., 2009), as a theoretical lens to shed new insights into the extant career construction theory. This is because career construction theory does not sufficiently incorporate different perspectives on the phenomenon of refugees under investigation. It is applied in a rather stable environment (Savickas et al., 2009; Savickas, 2005), and does not take radical disruption into account (Merino-Tejedor et al., 2016; Guan et al., 2016).