Abstract

This study focuses on entrepreneurship in a context of exile, specifically Syrian women-refugees’ entrepreneuring-as-survival in Jordan. Levi-Strauss’s (1967) concept of bricolage- making do with whatever is at hand- and Baker and Nelson’s (2005) lens of network bricolage are incorporated as theoretical tools within Mair and Marti’s (2008) and Welter and Smallbone’s (2008) institutional perspective of women’s entrepreneurship. The findings from this study make two significant contributions to the field of entrepreneurship. Firstly, the research illustrates a unique context and form of entrepreneurship, which takes place because it is seen as the “only” means of obtaining an income for “survival”, when living below the national poverty line is systematically reinforced through legal and political structures of the host nation. Secondly, illustrating the women’s entrepreneurial practices embedded in such a context advances the conceptualisation of bricolage in extreme resource-constrained environments.

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